Eliza Orzeszkowa

Eliza Orzeszkowa (1841–1910) is one of the most prolific and esteemed Polish nineteenth-century prose writers. She was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in Literature: in 1905 and in 1909. Her influence on the Polish literary life was enormous. She inspired Stefan Żeromski, Władysław Reymont, Maria Dąbrowska, and many Polish female writers with her writing and her social justice work. Most of the Polish women’s literature of the post-1863 Uprising period was written with the encouragement and guidance of Orzeszkowa, the most widely appreciated and highly respected Polish woman writer of that time.

Listed in: Polish and Polish-American Studies · Women’s Studies · Fiction · Women Authors · European Literature




Marta · A Novel
By Eliza Orzeszkowa · Translation by Anna Gąsienica Byrcyn and Stephanie Kraft · Introduction by Grażyna Kozaczka

Eliza Orzeszkowa was a trailblazing Polish novelist who, alongside Leo Tolstoy and Henryk Sienkiewicz, was a finalist for the 1905 Nobel Prize in literature. Of her many works of social realism, Marta (1873) is among the best known, but until now has not been available in English. An easy peer of The Awakening and A Doll’s House, the novel was well ahead of the English literature of its time in attacking the ways the labor market failed women.