James L. Swauger

James L. Swauger is research associate, rock art, at the University of California, Los Angeles, and curator emeritus of anthropology at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh.

Listed in: Native American Studies · Ohio and Regional · Archaeology




While earthworks, or “mounds,” are the most widely known fixed monuments of Native American history in Ohio, the state shares with the rest of the upper Ohio Valley a widely dispersed collection of smaller monuments. The animal, mythical, and human designs scratched into soft rock faces throughout the region constitute a fascinating, enigmatic, and fragile record of the world of the late prehistoric peoples of the American Midwest.