Lowell J. Satre

Lowell J. Satre is emeritus professor of history at Youngstown State University, in Youngstown, Ohio. He is author of Thomas Burt, Miners’ MP, 1837–1922: The Great Conciliator.

Listed in: History · Business and Economics · Slavery and Slave Trade · International History · European History · Global Issues · Political Science

Photo of Lowell J. Satre



Chocolate on Trial · Slavery, Politics, and the Ethics of Business
By Lowell J. Satre

At the turn of the twentieth century, Cadbury Bros. Ltd. was a successful, Quaker-owned chocolate manufacturer in Birmingham, England, celebrated for its model village, modern factory, and concern for employees. In 1901 the firm learned that its cocoa beans, purchased from Portuguese plantations on the island of São Tomé off West Africa, were produced by slave labor.

“This is a well-written, marvelously researched, and utterly fascinating study of an episode in the social, political, economic, and even religious history of imperial Britain.”

Thomas C. Kennedy, author of British Quakerism, 1860–1920: The Transformation of a Religious Community