Land for the People
The State and Agrarian Conflict in Indonesia

Edited by Anton Lucas and Carol Warren

“The book promises to put agrarian studies, and land reform in particular, back on the social science agenda for Indonesia area specialists…. This will be the major reference on this topic for a considerable time to come.”

Gerry van Klinken, Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies

Land For the People is an illuminating collection that deals with an expansive subject. … Above all, [it] reminds us of the centrality of land issues in developing countries generally—where the majority lives from the land—and of the unfortunate history of Southeast Asian countries’ failure to grapple effectively with land policy.”

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies

“The book sets out to show the experience of the Indonesian people with [the Basic Agrarian Law] and its implementation over decades, but ultimately achieves something greater—the book shows through its cases how governments may lose legitimacy by ignoring the public’s need for sustenance, opportunity and hope. …This is an intensely interesting read for those curious about a telling aspect of Indonesian political/legal history, where it intersects agrarian policy and land tenure issues.”

International Journal of Rural Management

“…(Land for the People) is essential reading for anyone interested in the land, the environment, and agrarian livelihood in Indonesia…this book is second to none in its field. It's importance, however, goes beyond Indonesia in an era where global forces present new pressures for those trying to retain access to land…for achieving social justice.’

Aseusuk News

Half of Indonesia’s massive population still lives on farms, and for these tens of millions of people the revolutionary promise of land reform remains largely unfulfilled. The Basic Agrarian Law, enacted in the wake of the Indonesian revolution, was supposed to provide access to land and equitable returns for peasant farmers. But fifty years later, the law’s objectives of social justice have not been achieved.

Land for the People provides a comprehensive look at land conflict and agrarian reform throughout Indonesia’s recent history, from the roots of land conflicts in the prerevolutionary period and the Sukarno and Suharto regimes, to the present day, in which democratization is creating new contexts for people’s claims to the land. Drawing on studies from across Indonesia’s diverse landscape, the contributors examine some of the most significant issues and events affecting land rights, including shifts in policy from the early postrevolutionary period to the New Order; the Land Administration Project that formed the core of land policy during the late New Order period; a long-running and representative dispute over a golf course in West Java that pitted numerous local farmers against the government and local elites; Suharto’s notorious “million hectare” project that resulted in loss of access to land and resources for numerous indigenous farmers in Kalimantan; and the struggle by Bandung’s urban poor to be treated equitably in the context of commercial land development. Together, these essays provide a critical resource for understanding one of Indonesia’s most pressing and most influential issues.

Contributors: Afrizal, Dianto Bachriadi, Anton Lucas, John McCarthy, John Mansford Prior, Gustaaf Reerink, Carol Warren, and Gunawan Wiradi.


Anton Lucas is the author of One Soul One Struggle: Region and Revolution in Indonesia and coauthor, with Dianto Bachriadi, of Merampas Tanah Rakyat: Kasus Tapos dan Cimacan.

Carol Warren is the author of Adat and Dinas: Balinese Communities in the Indonesian State and coeditor, with John F. McCarthy, of Community, Environment and Local Governance in Indonesia.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Glossary
  • Abbreviations
  • Note on Legislative References
  • One
    The Land, the Law, and the People
    ANTON LUCAS AND CAROL WARREN
  • Two
    Land Concentration and Land Reform in Indonesia Interpreting Agricultural Census Data, 1963–2003
    DIANTO BACHRIADI AND GUNAWAN WIRADI
  • Three
    Indonesia’s Land Titling Program (LAP)— the Market Solution?
    CAROL WARREN AND ANTON LUCAS
  • Four
    The Cimacan Golf Course Dispute since the New Order
    ANTON LUCAS
  • Five
    Oil Palm Plantations, Customary Rights, and Local Protests
    A West Sumatran Case Study
    AFRIZAL
  • Six
    Tenure and Transformation in Central Kalimantan After the “Million Hectare” Project
    JOHN MCCARTHY
  • Seven
    Land Disputes and the Church
    Sobering Thoughts from Flores
    JOHN MANSFORD PRIOR
  • Eight
    Legal Certainty for Whom?
    Land Contestation and Value Transformations at Gili Trawangan, Lombok
    CAROL WARREN
  • Nine
    Dealing with the Urban Poor
    Changing Law and Practice of Commercial
    Land Clearance in Post–New Order Bandung
    GUSTAAF REERINK
  • Ten
    The Agrarian Movement, Civil Society, and Emerging Political Constellations
    DIANTO BACHRIADI, ANTON LUCAS, AND CAROL WARREN
  • Eleven
    Agrarian Resources and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century
    CAROL WARREN AND ANTON LUCAS
  • List of Contributors
  • Index

Formats

Paperback

978-0-89680-287-2
Retail price: $32.95, S.
Release date: Jul. 2013
408 pages · 5½ × 8½ in.
Rights: World

Electronic

978-0-89680-485-2
Release date: Jul. 2013
Rights: World