Protecting the Empire’s Frontier
Officers of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot during Its North American Service, 1767–1776

By Steven M. Baule

“…Given the many studies of prominent military leaders on both sides, it is surprising that a book exploring the leadership of one British Army regiment could offer such a plethora of new and interesting information.…The book opens many windows onto the lives of military men during the eighteenth century….Protecting the Empire's Frontier is first and foremost a meticulously prepared reference book. …Baule is to be commended for giving his readers so many invaluable insights into the human side of a military organization.”

Michigan War Studies Review

“[By] including every officer who served in the regiment during its deployment to America in the 1760s and 1770s, [this] is a rare comprehensive look at the internal management of the organizations that formed the backbone of the British army in America, the infantry regiments. Although focused on the decade before the war began, the book provides a good foundation for understanding the state of the army’s officer corps in the early stages of the war….Anyone interested in the human side of military organizations will find this book satisfying.”

Don N. Hagist, Journal of the American Revolution

“Based in the most thorough research in primary sources, Protecting the Empire’s Frontier brings to life the officers and the service of a typical infantry regiment in America in the years preceding the breach with Britain; it is a significant contribution to the field of study, and will be welcomed by students of the 18th-century Ohio-Illinois country, of late-Colonial America, and of the old British Army.”

J. A. Houlding, author of Fit for Service: The Training of the British Army, 1715 – 1795

Protecting the Empire’s Frontier paints an intimate group portrait of the officers of the Royal Irish Regiment, which strove to uphold British authority in a vast, newly conquered territory in the years preceding the American War of Independence. Steven M. Baule conducted exhaustive research in British and American archives and also mined a plethora of printed sources, producing a rich reference for students of the British Empire, George III’s army, the Old Northwest, the American Revolution, and the Atlantic World. Baule’s careful scholarship complements broader studies on the eighteenth-century British Army, and takes the reader even deeper into this institution than previous studies on the subject.”

Gregory J. W. Urwin, professor of history, Temple University, and author of nine books on the armed forces of the United States and Great Britain

Protecting the Empire’s Frontier tells stories of the roughly eighty officers who served in the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot, which served British interests in America during the crucial period from 1767 through 1776. The Royal Irish was one of the most wide-ranging regiments in America, with companies serving on the Illinois frontier, at Fort Pitt, and in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, with some companies taken as far afield as Florida, Spanish Louisiana, and present-day Maine. When the regiment was returned to England in 1776, some of the officers remained in America on staff assignments. Others joined provincial regiments, and a few joined the American revolutionary army, taking up arms against their king and former colleagues.

Using a wide range of archival resources previously untapped by scholars, the text goes beyond just these officers’ service in the regiment and tells the story of the men who included governors, a college president, land speculators, physicians, and officers in many other British regular and provincial regiments. Included in these ranks were an Irishman who would serve in the U.S. Congress and as an American general at Yorktown; a landed aristocrat who represented Bath as a member of Parliament; and a naval surgeon on the ship transporting Benjamin Franklin to France. This is the history of the American Revolutionary period from a most gripping and everyday perspective.

An epilogue covers the Royal Irish’s history after returning to England and its part in defending against both the Franco-Spanish invasion attempt and the Gordon Rioters. With an essay on sources and a complete bibliography, this is a treat for professional and amateur historians alike.


Steven M. Baule is currently a K-12 school superintendent, having originally been a history teacher and librarian. He served in the U.S. Army Infantry prior to becoming an educator, and has been recognized as a Fellow by the Company of Military Historians. He previously published British Army Officers Who Served in the American Revolution, 1775 – 1783, a revised and expanded version of W. C. Ford’s 1898 text by the same title. He has also published several books on educational leadership and technology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Illustrations
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
    • The Early History of the Regiment
    • North American Service
    • Captain Hugh Lord’s Detachment in Illinois
    • Atlantic Seaboard Service
  • 1 The Officer Corps of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment
    • The Makeup of the Officer Corps
    • Officer Careers
    • Courts-Martial and Discipline
    • Wives and Children
    • The Officers’ Biographies
  • 2 Field Officers
    • Henry Folliott
    • Isaac Hamilton
    • John Saunders Sebright
    • John Shee
    • John Wilkins
    • Adam Williamson
  • 3 Captains and Captain Lieutenants
    • Hugh Antrobus
    • Thomas Batt
    • William Blackwood
    • Benjamin Chapman
    • Charles Edmonstone
    • John Evans
    • Henry Fermor
    • Robert Hamilton
    • Matthew Lane
    • Hugh Lord
    • Benjamin Charnock Payne
    • William Richardson
    • George Stainforth
    • John Stewart
    • Lewis Wynne
  • 4 Lieutenants
    • George Bewes
    • George Bruere
    • William Conolly
    • Edward Crosby
    • John de Birniere
    • John Peter DeLancey
    • John Joyner Ellis
    • Alexander Fowler
    • Francis John Kelly
    • John Mawby Jr.
    • Marcus Paterson
    • William Perkins
    • Edmund Prideaux
    • William Raymond
    • William Smith
    • Nicholas Trist
  • 5 Ensigns and Volunteers
    • James Aldcroft
    • Charles Hoar
    • Francis Howard
    • George Mawby
    • Sebright Mawby
    • John Piercy
    • Thomas Serle
    • Henry Shaw
    • William Henry Slator
    • Godfrey Tracey
    • Samuel Twentyman
    • John Wilcocks
  • 6 Staff Officers
    • George Buttricke
    • Edward Hand
    • John Handamede
    • Stanley Leathes
    • John L. Lynn
    • John Mawby Sr.
    • Robert Jocelyn Newburgh
    • William Smith
    • Daniel Thomas
    • Thomas Thomasson
    • Samuel Turner
  • 7 Absentee Officers
    • Horace Churchill
    • Caesar Colclough
    • John Cope
    • Thomas Cuming
    • William Greaves
    • Claudius Hamilton
    • John Hamilton
    • Benjamin Johnson
    • John Wilmot Prideaux
    • James Taylor Trevor
    • Francis Wadman
  • 8 Other Officers Associated with the Royal Irish in America
    • John Bailey
    • Thomas Bruce
    • Robert Douglas
    • George Gordon
    • Francis Seymour Hearst
    • Thomas Hutchins
    • John MacKay
    • Henry Miller
    • John Pexton
    • James Rumsey
    • George Sinclair
    • John Smith
    • Jonas Watson
  • Epilogue
  • Notes on Sources
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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In Series

War and Society in North America

Related Subjects

Irish History · North America · Americas · United Kingdom · Northern Europe · Europe · 18th century · Military History · American History · History

Formats

Paperback

978-0-8214-2055-3
Retail price: $32.95, T.
Release date: Jan. 2014
372 pages · 6 × 9 in.
Rights: World

Hardcover

978-0-8214-2054-6
Retail price: $69.95, S.
Release date: Jan. 2014
372 pages · 6 × 9 in.
Rights: World

Electronic

978-0-8214-4464-1
Release date: Jan. 2014
Rights: World

Additional Praise for Protecting the Empire’s Frontier

“A fascinating and well-researched treatment of a little-studied social aspect of military history. Baule’s survey of the backgrounds, service histories, and ultimate fates of the men who led the Royal Irish Regiment sheds valuable light on the experiences of the British office class during the era of the American Revolution.”

Matthew H. Spring, author of With Zeal and with Bayonets Only: The British Army on Campaign in North America, 1775-1783