Wittgenstein and Critical Theory
Beyond Postmodern Criticism and Toward Descriptive Investigations

By Susan B. Brill

“Susan Brill is a persistent scholar who has drawn together a wide net, and though her chosen task was to suggest Wittgensteinian strategies for reading literature and to caution literary critics about overinvested theories, her own literary and philosophical desire has been to be as inclusive and open as possible to the dynamics of texts without losing her own value center. Scholarship would surely be a better enterprise if more did what she has done with the persistence she has shown.”

C.W. Spinks, Trinity University, Philosophy and Literature

“This adventurous book clearly has another purpose, to display ways in which Wittgenstein’s philosophy can be used as a set of critical tools within the contexts of modern–postmodern debates; of psychological criticism; of canon formation, preservation and change; of feminism; and of poststructural literary theory. As such, it casts new light, and is a welcome addition.”

Garry L. Hagberg, Bard College, The Philosophical Quarterly

The crucial point of Brill’s study is that of fit: which critical methods prove most useful towards opening up which texts? Close investigations into the parameters of the language games of texts, critics, and methods enable us to determine which paths to take towards more complete descriptive analyses and critique. Such an emphasis on the philosophical method of Ludwig Wittgenstein reorients literary criticism to involve a conjoint responsibility to both reader and text as the literary critic assumes the humbler role of a guide who assists a reader in/to diverse literary texts. Wittgenstein’s philosophical approach provides us with a strong means of developing such a method for literary criticism—a method that points the way forward beyond postmodern criticisms and to a categorically new approach to literary texts.

Brill’s work discusses at length the implications of Wittgenstein for literary criticism and theory. The volume specifically investigates the implications of Wittgenstein’s work for a number of contemporary critical orientations (notably poststructualism, feminism, and psychology). In addition, the research includes actual applications of Wittgenstein for literary criticism: diverse literary texts (including a number of poems and stories by Native American authors) are approached via a Wittgensteinian method as a means of discerning which critical approaches might be more or less efficacious. Not only does the book provide a solid introduction to Wittgensteinian philosophy for the critical scholars, but it also provides a clear methodology useful to critics seeking a means to navigate through the entanglement of contemporary criticism and theory.

Brill argues that a reliance upon the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein can enable literary critics to escape the seemingly endless dialectic between modern and postmodern theory. Instead of debating which theory is theoretically best, we need to describe when theories work—and when they do not.


Susan B. Brill is an assistant professor of English at Bradley University, where she teaches critical theory and Native American Indian literatures.

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Related Subjects

Literary Studies · Literary Criticism · Philosophy

Formats

Paperback

978-0-8214-1093-6
Retail price: $22.95, S.
Release date: Dec. 1994
184 pages · 9 × 6 in.
Rights: World

Hardcover

978-0-8214-1092-9
Out-of-print