Gendered Labor, Food Security, and Taste in Twentieth-Century Mali
Imprint: Ohio University Press
Award(s): Aidoo Snyder Book Prize, African Studies Association Best Book Prize
344 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: December 2021
- Published: August 2021
Foregrounding African women’s ingenuity and labor, this pioneering case study shows how women in rural Mali have used technology to ensure food security through the colonial period, environmental crises, and postcolonial rule.
By advocating for an understanding of rural Malian women as engineers, Laura Ann Twagira rejects the persistent image of African women as subjects without technological knowledge or access and instead reveals a hidden history about gender, development, and improvisation. In so doing, she also significantly expands the scope of African science and technology studies.
Using the Office du Niger agricultural project as a case study, Twagira argues that women used modest technologies (such as a mortar and pestle or metal pots) and organized female labor to create, maintain, and reengineer a complex and highly adaptive food production system. While women often incorporated labor-saving technologies into their work routines, they did not view their own physical labor as the problem it is so often framed to be in development narratives. Rather, women’s embodied techniques and knowledge were central to their ability to transform a development project centered on export production into an environmental resource that addressed local taste and consumption needs.
List of Illustrations
A Note on Language
Chapter 1 Making the Generous Cooking Pot, ca. 1890–1920
Chapter 2 Body Politics, Taste Matters, and the Creation of the
Office du Niger, ca. 1920–44
Chapter 3 “We Farmed Money”: Reshaping the Office and
Chapter 4 Reengineering the Office: Cooking with Metal Pots
and Threshing Machines
Chapter 5 Rice Babies and Food Aid: Reengineering Women’s
Labor and Taste during the Great Sahel Drought
“Through vivid stories of individual innovation and strategies of survival, Twagira offers a new perspective on twentieth-century biopolitics in Mali. Embodied Engineering adds important critical nuance to understandings of environmental crisis, cultural value, and gendered knowledge production in West Africa.”
“By focusing on gender ideology, food technologies, and development initiatives, Twagira encourages readers to consider the “lived material bodies” of women in twentieth-century rural Mali…. Summing up: Recommended.” — Choice 59, no. 10 (June 2022)
“A fantastic contribution to multiple fields of study, both within and beyond the academy. Twagira fulfills her stated objectives, particularly that of addressing the prevalent assumptions of African women as without access to technology and static in their work. Her research shows the immense agency and importance of Malian women in their capacity to cultivate embodied relationships with the natural world through the cultivation, collection, and cooking of food.” — H-Sci-Med-Tech / H-Net Reviews