Lowell J. Satre is emeritus professor of history at Youngstown State University, in Youngstown, Ohio. He is author of Thomas Burt, Miners’ MP, 1837–1922: The Great Conciliator.
Listed in: Labor History · Slavery and Slave Trade · World and Comparative History · Global Issues · Philosophy | Ethics & Moral Philosophy
Chocolate on Trial
Slavery, Politics, and the Ethics of Business
By Lowell J. Satre
At the turn of the twentieth century, Cadbury Bros. Ltd. was a successful, Quaker-owned chocolate manufacturer in Birmingham, England, celebrated for its model village, modern factory, and concern for employees. In 1901 the firm learned that its cocoa beans, purchased from Portuguese plantations on the island of São Tomé off West Africa, were produced by slave labor.Chocolate