A Swallow Press Book
Teubals lost tradition rejects victimization in favor of female empowerment, reevaluates social values and shows how both Sarah and Hagar merit prestige in their own right, not merely as receptacles of Abrahams seed.
In this fascinating piece of scholarly detective work, biblical scholar Savina J. Teubal peels away millenia of patriarchal distortion to reveal the lost tradition of biblical matriarchs. In Ancient Sisterhood: The Lost Traditions of Hagar and Sarah (originally published as Hagar the Egyptian), she shows that Hagar, the mother of Ishmael, was actually lady-in-waiting to the priestess Sarah and participated in an ancient Near Eastern custom of surrogate motherhood.
Ancient Sisterhood cites evidence that Hebrew women actually enjoyed the privileges and sanctity of their own religious practices. These practices, however, were gradually eroded and usurped by the establishment of patriarchal monarchies that were based on militaristic conquest and power. Teubal examines the figures of Hagar and Sarah from a feminist perspective that combines thorough scholarship with an informed and detailed understanding of the cultural and religious influences from which the mysterious biblical figure of Hagar emerged. She looks at Hagar's important role in the genesis of Hebrew culture, her role as mother of the Islamic nations, and her power as a matriarch as opposed to her apparent status as a concubine.
Teubal posits two distinct sources for the Hagar episodes: Hagar as companion to Sarah and an unknown woman whom she refers to as the desert matriarch. She explores whether Hagar was a slave to Abraham or Sarah, the differences between Hagar and the desert matriarch, and the obscurantism of these important elements in biblical texts. Teubal sheds considerable light on two central figures of these world religions and “the disassociation of woman from her own female religious experience.”
Savina J. Teubal was brought up in Latin America and has travelled extensively in Europe and the Middle East. She now makes her home in Los Angeles, where she receied a Ph.D in Ancient Near Eastern Studies from International College. She is an Affiliated Scholar at the University of Southern California. Among her recent publications are “Abraham and Castaneda,” Revista de la Universidad de Mexico (1976), “Patriarchy and the Goddess,” in Womanspirit (1983), and “Women, Law and the Ancient Near East,” in Fields of Offerings (Farleigh Dickenson University Press, 1982). More info →
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The Mound Builders traces the speculation surrounding the thousands of earthen mounds built across the Midwest some time between 1000 B.C. and 1000 A.D. and the scientific excavations which uncovered the history and culture of the ancient Americans who built them.
When Count Guido Franceschini was tried by a Roman court in 1698 for the rape and murder of his young wife Pompilia, he had the church, the state, and “all of sensible Rome” supporting him. Their cynical mandate sprang from the traditional belief that in a patriarchal society the male should wield absolute power, including the power of life and death, over the female.
The only source in which Sarah is mentioned is the Book of Genesis, which contains very few highly selective and rather enigmatic stories dealing with her. On the surface, these stories tell us very little about Sarah, and what they do tell is complicated and confused by the probability that it represents residue surviving from two different written sources based on two independent oral traditions.