Ohio University Press · Swallow Press ·

Cartography and the Political Imagination
Mapping Community in Colonial Kenya

By Julie MacArthur

Finalist for the 2017 Bethwell A. Ogot Prize from the African Studies Association · Winner of the Joel Gregory Prize from the Canadian Association of African Studies

“MacArthur’s exploration of the historiography of ethnicity in Kenya combines theoretical sophistication with innovative and deftly interdisciplinary methodological work, along with a knack for personalized storytelling. In Cartography and the Political Imagination, MacArthur has knit together a diverse and complex array of actors, plot lines, and forms of evidence (archival, cartographic, oral), resulting in a fascinating and important piece of historical scholarship.”

Heidi Gengenbach, University of Massachusetts, Boston

“Three intertwined lines of argument are central to the study: ‘imagined communities’ constructed out of perceived concepts of ethnic, religious, linguistic, and genealogical links; the emergence of a particular form of ethnic patriotism consisting of the complex interplay of nativism and cosmopolitanism in African political thought; and how the mobilization of geographic identities rendered the development of ‘cartographic political imaginations.’ … Summing up: Recommended (upper-level undergraduates and above).”


Cartography is really a fascinating and important study of how the Luyia successfully ‘imagined’ and then created a single ethnic constituency ... Cartography draws on the already rich literature on ethnogenesis … and takes it further in a case study that challenges much of the conventional wisdom about how ethnic identities are made.”

African Studies Review

“The Luyia defy assumptions about African ethnicity. With neither myth of common descent nor shared vernacular speech, this modern community is yet no colonial invention. These least ‘tribal’ of Kenya's peoples mapped their own territory of civic pluralism. In this new departure in ethnic studies, Julie MacArthur persuasively subverts our conventional wisdom.”

John Lonsdale, University of Cambridge

After four decades of British rule in colonial Kenya, a previously unknown ethnic name—“Luyia”—appeared on the official census in 1948. The emergence of the Luyia represents a clear case of ethnic “invention.” At the same time, current restrictive theories privileging ethnic homogeneity fail to explain this defiantly diverse ethnic project, which now comprises the second-largest ethnic group in Kenya.

In Cartography and the Political Imagination, which encompasses social history, geography, and political science, Julie MacArthur unpacks Luyia origins. In so doing, she calls for a shift to understanding geographic imagination and mapping not only as means of enforcing imperial power and constraining colonized populations, but as tools for articulating new political communities and dissent. Through cartography, Luyia ethnic patriots crafted an identity for themselves characterized by plurality, mobility, and cosmopolitan belonging.

While other historians have focused on the official maps of imperial surveyors, MacArthur scrutinizes the ways African communities adopted and adapted mapping strategies to their own ongoing creative projects. This book marks an important reassessment of current theories of ethnogenesis, investigates the geographic imaginations of African communities, and challenges contemporary readings of community and conflict in Africa.

Julie MacArthur is an assistant professor at the University of Toronto. She is the author of Cartography and the Political Imagination as well as numerous articles. She has also worked extensively in African cinema, both as a curator and an academic.   More info →


Study Guide, by Julie MacArthur


Order a print copy

Paperback · $29.56 ·
Add to Cart

Retail price: $36.95 · Save 20% ($29.56)

Hardcover · $64 ·
Add to Cart

Retail price: $80.00 · Save 20% ($64)

Buy from a local bookstore


US and Canada only

Buy an eBook

Amazon Kindle Store Barnes & Noble NOOK Google Play iBooks Store

Availability and price vary according to vendor.

Cover of Cartography and the Political Imagination

Share    Facebook icon  Email icon


To request instructor exam/desk copies, email Jeff Kallet at

To request media review copies, email Laura Andre at

Permission to reprint
Permission to photocopy or include in a course pack via Copyright Clearance Center


Retail price: $36.95, S.
Release date: June 2016
27 illus. · 356 pages · 6 × 9 in.
Rights:  World

Retail price: $80.00, S.
Release date: June 2016
27 illus. · 356 pages · 6 × 9 in.
Rights:  World

Release date: June 2016
27 illus. · 356 pages
Rights:  World

Additional Praise for Cartography and the Political Imagination

Cartography and Political Imagination breaks new ground in Kenyan historiography with its focus on western Kenya. This detailed and sophisticated study argues that Luyia ethnic architects used cartography to create a demographically inclusive, politically pluralistic, and progressive cosmopolitan community. It is refreshing to read a book on Kenya that does not focus on Mau Mau or the Kikuyu. MacArthur's exemplary study of a regional history will be indispensable to scholars of ethnogenesis and cartography in Africa and elsewhere.”

Kenda Mutongi, Williams College

“The Luyia have long represented a potential test case for the limits to the invention of ethnicity. MacArthur’s rich study does not disappoint. It reveals how a series of external influences—land pressures, gender panic, and the drawing of administrative boundaries—led the Luyia to define themselves through appeals to locality rather than shared ancestries. Its most fascinating contribution lies in its treatment of Luyia practices of counter-mapping.”

Paul Nugent, University of Edinburgh

Related Titles

Cover of 'Remapping Ethiopia'

Remapping Ethiopia
Socialism & After
Edited by Wendy James, Eisei Kurimoto, Donald L. Donham, and Alessandro Triulzi

Governance everywhere is concerned with spatial relationships. Modern states “map” local communities, making them legible for the purposes of control. Ethiopia has gone through several stages of “mapping” in its imperial, revolutionary, and postrevolutionary phases.In

History | Africa | East · Ethiopia · African Studies · Geography

Cover of 'Age of Concrete'

Age of Concrete
Housing and the Shape of Aspiration in the Capital of Mozambique
By David Morton

Age of Concrete is about people building homes on tenuous ground in the outer neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique, places thought of simply as slums. But up close, they are an archive: houses of reeds, wood, zinc, and concrete embodying the ambitions of people who built their own largest investment and greatest bequest to the future.

Architecture | Urban & Land Use Planning · Social History · Human Geography · Mozambique · African Studies

Cover of 'Citizenship, Belonging, and Political Community in Africa'

Citizenship, Belonging, and Political Community in Africa
Dialogues between Past and Present
Edited by Emma Hunter

Africa, it is often said, is suffering from a crisis of citizenship. At the heart of the contemporary debates this apparent crisis has provoked lie dynamic relations between the present and the past, between political theory and political practice, and between legal categories and lived experience. Yet studies of citizenship in Africa have often tended to foreshorten historical time and privilege the present at the expense of the deeper past.Citizenship,

African History · Colonialism and Decolonization · Legal and Constitutional History · African Studies · Race and Ethnicity · South Africa · Cote d'Ivoire · Ethiopia · Sudan · Mauritius