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Research in International Studies, Latin America Series

Cover of 'Argentina, the United States, and the Anti-Communist Crusade in Central America, 1977–1984'

Argentina, the United States, and the Anti-Communist Crusade in Central America, 1977–1984
By Ariel Armony
· Foreword by Thomas W. Walker

Ariel Armony focuses, in this study, on the role played by Argentina in the anti–Communist crusade in Central America. This systematic examination of Argentina’s involvement in the Central American drama of the late 1970s and early 1980s fine–tunes our knowledge of a major episode of the Cold War era.Basing his study on exhaustive research in the United States, Argentina, and Nicaragua, Armony adroitly demolishes several key assumptions that have shaped the work of scholars in U.S.

Latin American History · World and Comparative History · American History · Central America · Argentina · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'The Many Faces of Sandinista Democracy'

The Many Faces of Sandinista Democracy
By Katherine Hoyt

Taking power in Nicaragua in 1979 as a revolutionary party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) was willing to put its fate in the hands of the Nicaraguan people twice, in 1984 and 1990. The party wrote a democratic constitution and then, remarkably, accepted the decision of the majority by relinquishing power upon its defeat in the 1990 election.The

Latin American History · Political Science · International Studies · History · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'Panamanian Militarism'

Panamanian Militarism
A Historical Interpretation
By Carlos Guevara Mann

Carlos Guevara Mann argues that Panamanian militarism, a consequence of the breakdown of legitimacy that occurred in the early nineteenth century, is more a manifestation of a deeply-rooted political tradition than an isolated phenomenon of the late twentieth century. He examines the variable US policy approach to domestic stability with the overall context of US hegemony in the isthmus and its shaping of Panamanian militarism.Focusing

History · Central America · Panama · Violence in Society · International Studies · Political Science · Latin American Studies · Latin American History · World and Comparative History · Americas

Cover of 'Theories of Dependent Foreign Policy and the Case of Ecuador in the 1980s'

Theories of Dependent Foreign Policy and the Case of Ecuador in the 1980s
By Jeanne A. K. Hey

How do economic weakness and dependence influence foreign policy decisions and behavior in third world countries? Theories in Dependent Foreign Policy examines six foreign policy theories: compliance, consensus, counterdependence, realism, leader preferences and domestic politics, and each is applied to a series of case studies of Ecuador’s foreign policy during the 1980s under two regimes: Osvaldo Hurtado (1981-1984) and his successor León Febres Cordero (1984-1988).Hey

Political Science · International Studies · Business and Economics · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'Literature and Resistance in Guatemala'

Literature and Resistance in Guatemala
Textual Modes and Cultural Politics from El Señor Presidente to Rigoberta Menchú
By Marc Zimmerman

What circumstances lead writers in a poor, multi-ethnic and largely illiterate country to produce a literature that both expresses and affects opposition to the regime? Who are these writers? This study examines these and other questions about the literature of resistance in Guatemala, from the days of Estrada Cabrera up to the events of May and June of 1993.Zimmerman

Literary Criticism, Latin America · Latin American Studies · Literature

Cover of 'Theory in the Practice of the Nicaraguan Revolution'

Theory in the Practice of the Nicaraguan Revolution
By Bruce E. Wright

Even in the period following the electoral defeat of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1990, the revolution of 1979 continues to have a profound effect on the political economy of Nicaragua.

Business and Economics · Public Policy · History | Modern | 20th Century · International Studies · Political Science · Latin American History · History · Labor History · Americas · Central America · Nicaragua · Sandinistas · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'Claribel Alegría and Central American Literature'

Claribel Alegría and Central American Literature
Critical Essays
Edited by Sandra M. Boschetto-Sandoval and Marcia Phillips McGowan

These essays examine the multifaceted work of the Central American author whom Latin American literary historians consider precursor of “cultural dialogism” in poetry and fiction. As poet, essayist, journalist, novelist, and writer of “quasi–testimonio,” Alegría’s multiple discourses transgress the boundaries between traditional and postmodern political theories and practices.

Literary Criticism, Latin America · Literary Criticism, Women Authors · Latin American Studies · Literature

Cover of 'Mariátegui and Latin American Marxist Theory'

Mariátegui and Latin American Marxist Theory
By Marc Becker

José Carlos Mariátegui, the Peruvian political theorist of the 1920s, was instrumental in developing an indigenous Latin American revolutionary Marxist theory. He rejected a rigid, orthodox interpretation of Marxism and applied his own creative elements, which he believed could move a society to revolutionary action without the society having to depend upon more traditional economic factors.

Latin American History · Latin American Studies · Literature · Biography · Political Science · International Studies · History

Cover of 'Perspectives on War and Peace in Central America'

Perspectives on War and Peace in Central America
Edited by Sung Ho Kim and Thomas W. Walker

This volume records the perspectives of a highly diverse group of prominent individuals who met late in 1988 in an important international symposium concerned with the continuing conflicts in Central America.

Business and Economics · Peace Studies · Violence in Society · History · International Studies · Political Science · Latin American History · Central America · Americas · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'The Tension of Paradox'

The Tension of Paradox
José Donoso’s the Obscene Bird of Night As Spiritual Exercises
By Pamela May Finnegan

Pamela Finnegan provides a detailed criticism of a major novel written by one of Chile’s leading literary figures. She analyzes the symbolism and the use of language in The Obscene Bird of Night, showing that the novel’s world becomes an icon characterized by entropy, parody, and materiality.

Literary Criticism, Latin America · Latin American Studies · Chile

Cover of 'The Nicaraguan Constitution of 1987'

The Nicaraguan Constitution of 1987
English Translation and Commentary
By Kenneth J. Mijeski

This volume of seven essays on the 1987 Nicaraguan constitution does not accept a priori the judgment that Latin American constitutions are as fragile as egg shells, easily broken and discarded if found to be inconvenient to the interests of the rulers. Rather, they are viewed as being central to understanding political life in contemporary Nicaragua.The perspectives of the analysts and their conclusions are not consensual. They prohibit glib and facile general conclusions.

Latin American History · Latin American Studies · Political Science · International Studies · History

Cover of 'Juscelino Kubitschek and the Development of Brazil'

Juscelino Kubitschek and the Development of Brazil
By Robert J. Alexander

Kubitschek was one of the most important political leaders of Brazil during the twentieth century. As president, he pushed decisively for the industrialization of the largest of the Latin American nations. He also provided his country with the most democratic regime it had ever experienced. His leadership stimulated a flowering of Brazilian culture in literature, art, music, and architecture.

History · Latin American History · History | Modern | 20th Century · Nationalism · Brazil · South America · Americas · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'Conservative Thought in Twentieth Century Latin America'

Conservative Thought in Twentieth Century Latin America
The Ideas of Laureano Gomez
By James D. Henderson

Laureano Gómez was president of Colombia in the early 1950s until overthrown by a military coup. He was also, for some fifty years, the leading exponent of Latin American conservatism, a political philosophy with roots in both nineteenth–century politics and religion. Focusing on Gómez, and other prominent conservative politicians, Henderson traces the evolution of Latin American conservatism and demonstrates the scope of its influence throughout the continent.While

Political Science, Latin America · Latin American Studies

Cover of 'The Church and Revolution in Nicaragua'

The Church and Revolution in Nicaragua
By Laura Nuzzi O'Shaughnessy and Luis Hector Serra

This volume addresses the complex issue of the Christian response to the Nicaraguan revolution from a perspective generally sympathetic to the Sandinista’s goals. Luis Serra, himself a Latin American who has worked with the peasantry, argues that the institutional Church has now become a major autonomous source of opposition to the revolution.

History · World and Comparative History · Latin American History · Latin American Studies · Religion | Religion, Politics & State · International Studies · Christianity · Religion